DIY Terrarium

I am absolutely obsessed with Terrariums! Mostly because they are so low maintenance and last way longer than flowers. There are many different ways to build terrariums. Nevertheless, I feel like the cutest ones are the ones where you use your imagination and do what you want. A few ingredients that are key in terrariums are soil, rocks, moss and activated charcoal. I honestly don’t always put activated charcoal in mine, because I think it’s a little pricey and unnecessary. When using cacti you don’t need to water often, therefore it’s use is irrelevant. The main reason as to why you should use activated charcoal is to remove odors and toxins, which are created by excess water in the soil. So if you are using plants and succulents that need to be watered more often than cactuses, then you definitely don’t want to skip this step. You can buy this material in pet stores since it is often used for aquariums. Another alternative is using gravel.


My first step is adding the soil into glass container of choice.

These opened container bowls make it so easy to arrange things, since your hand can go right into the bowl. Another great glass container to use is a huge mason jar.

Now arrange your bigger rocks ONLY on the side of the bowl. This way you are using less material, and only putting it where it is noticeable.

Next, grab your cactus gently. I reiterate, GENTLY.

Add it to the center of your glass container and make sure the soil covers most of the roots.

Add your small rocks, to add color and layers to your terrarium.

Now add your sand, covering all the roots of the cactus. Also, make sure you do this carefully because it tends to cover the rocks if you pour directly on top of them.

Add more rocks at the very top to cover the sand.

Next add your moss, or whatever other material you are using to decorate. I am actually not sure what this is called, but I got it at a craft store. This material as opposed to moss is able to be added on top of the sand.

If you are using real moss, I wouldn’t suggest putting it on sand. I would instead add soil, so you can water it and doesn’t die.

Then add more rocks on the top to decorate. Also, you can even buy colored sand and leave it bare so you can make cool designs on the top with a toothpick.

That’s pretty much it! Super easy right?!

What you will need:

  • Decorative rocks big and small
  • Glass Container
  • Cactus/Succulent of choice
  • Sand
  • Soil
  • Moss
  • Activated Charcoal (if you are using succulents and other plants) 

Instructions and other Info

There are no set instructions on how to build a terrarium, it’s rather a choice of preference. Before starting one I recommend doing your research on the kind of terrarium you want to make. Different plants require different care, I always choose cactuses because they have such low upkeep and they last FOREVER! I still have a cacti terrarium from like 4 months ago, and it still looks alive and well! Succulents are my second favorite plant to use in terrariums, but these do require to be sprayed with water a little more often (every 2-3 days). Another super important tip is to buy a plastic bottle spray. These types of plants don’t require a lot of water, and if you over do it they die really quickly. So using a spray bottle controls the right amount of water it needs. Other than that, I think that is all the information I have learned from making them. There is tons more to learn, from specific soils for specific plants, to what type of plant is good for the certain atmosphere etc. But let’s be honest.. that is too much work for a plant… Unless you are a plant lover, which in that case I admire you. So if you just go with the basics, and you’ll do better than alright ! 🙂

Hope you all enjoyed it! Let me know if you have any questions!


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